INDIAN WEDDING TRADITION
In Indian culture, wedding symbolizes not simply the sacred union of two people, however of the approaching together of two families and extended families as well! Their level of involvement is thus profound that sometimes the family decides the prospective bride/groom. In key fact, even until a few decades ago the bride and also the groom typically saw one another for the first time solely on their wedding day.
This historical trend has modified in urban areas, and within the gift day, children typically have a much better say in selecting their life partner. Families eagerly seek for eligible partners for his or her youngsters through kind word of mouth or wedding priests primarily. But with the internet revolution in Republic of India online marital sites are also turning into quite a successful hit!
Arranged marriages are strictly intra-religion and intra-caste. Compatibility of the couple is accurately assessed on the key premise of horoscopes, and if good, then an alliance is carefully looked for.
In urban areas, the couple typically performs a necessary step further to act and see if their considerable interests and natures match. If the alliance is agreeable to each party, they typically proceed to arrange for the engagement ceremony and also the wedding.
Though arranged marriages remain withal the norm, love marriages have become a standard prevalence nowadays, preponderantly in urban areas. Months before the civil marriage an engagement ceremony, referred to as Mangni (in North India) or Nischitartham (in South India), is traditionally held. The two families meet to typically perform cultural rituals to form the engagement official.
PRE WEDDING RITUALS
MATCHMAKING AND HOROSCOPES
The first necessary step of a traditional Indian wedding procedure starts by finding an appropriate match. Once that is typically accomplished, the horoscopes of the boy and therefore the girl are precisely matched by the family monks. Once the horoscopes match, the assorted processes leading up to the civil marriage typically begins.
The engagement ceremony is an extremely necessary pre-wedding ritual in Indian cultures where the bride to be and groom to be come face to face and are formally betrothed to every other by their families.
Engagement ceremonies are uniform across most religion and ethnicity across Asian country, differing in cultural nuances and details of the cultural rituals. In some cases, the engagement ceremony marks the formal announcement of the betrothal, whereas in others it marks the ceremony wherever the official date of the marriage is set.
In some cultures the engagement typically precedes the particular wedding by as much as a year whereas in others they are held a day or two prior the actual wedding. Exchanging of rings is not mandatory in all cultures across the country, however it virtually involves the ritual being the formal announcement of the upcoming ceremonial occasion.
The Hindu tradition of ‘Vagdanam’ typically involves the groom’s family conveying their kind words to the bride’s family that they’re going to settle their lovely girl and can be answerable for her future well-being. It is typically specific type of exchange of pledges between the families and an opportunity of getting to know every other’s customs or rituals.
In historic times, these ritual concerned elaborate announcements just in case of Royalties. In Rajput traditions, this betrothal typically takes place before long after the birth of a girl therefore as to ward of other suitors.
WAGDAAN AND LAGNA PATRIKA
After the prospective groom’s father gets permission from the bride’s father to go forwards with the marriage, the “Wagdaan” ritual is equally performed.
The engaged couple conjointly participates in “Lagna Patrika,” that may be typically a written vow to every other that the marriage can typically take place at a more recent date. These two are traditionally considered a formal announcement of the marriage, which will typically take place months later.
WEDDING ATTIRE OF INDIAN DIFFERENT REGIONS
The attire that a bride advances her wedding day is completely connected with the customs and traditions of the family and also the community . Most Indian brides wear saris.
These saris are made up of silk inter-fused with attractive gold thread work. Heavy silk drapes are currently being replaced by their light-weight counterparts. The demand for lightweight silk sarees is increasing and weavers are adding in modern techniques in style and weaving. The bride wears a dress or a lehenga in keeping with the region.
Punjabi brides historically cover their heads with a shawl referred to as dupatta ornamented with gold thread, ribbons and tinsel appliques.
The maternal uncle and aunty of the bride adorn the bride’s wrist with white and red bangles and an ornament created from gold or silver referred to as kalira(jingle). Groom wear turban over their head and they love to wear Sherwani with a Sword (kripan) at one hand.
Kanjeevaram sarees represent the pride of South-Indian girls. Although it a saree that is a native of Kuchipuram in Tamil Nadu, the majority South-Indian brides wear Kanjeevarams. They are most prominent by their exquisite temple borders. Groom wear dhoti which is of white color. The way they present themselves is simple but very attractive.
In bengal the bride wears a red saree sometimes made up of silk or a banarasi saree. Bengali brides assume a traditional crown placed as makuta fabricated from shola pith. Shola is a unique wild plant utilized in several areas of India for making various varieties of personal and festal ornaments.
It is a small bush growing in bengal. Inside its stems is white spongy fiber known as pith. Therefore, ornaments are made up of it with brilliant imagination and talent. They will be additionally embellished with gold or silver threads, wire or foils. In bengal the groom wears pajama or sometimes dhoti.
The Pattu saree could represent a creation in Kerala. The serene white and gold saree is most ordinarily seen at Kerala weddings. Also, several Christian brides from completely distinct parts of the country wear the white Pattu sarees keeping with tradition. In kerala the groom wears a simple Dhoti and a shirt in his wedding.
Ladakhi brides wear the perak, a traditional clothing embellished with turquoises, corals and gold or silver amulet cases. Their faces ought to be veiled with a sort of net manufactured from river pearls.
The perak may be a status symbol for a Ladakhi girl, her wealth and position are shown by the number and quality of the stones decorating it. Turquoise is that the perak’s dominant part. In fact, the word “perak” is claimed to be derived from the word “per”, an ancient Ladakhi term for turquoise.
KINNAUR SPITI WEDDING
Brides from Kinnaur wear veils over their faces made of silver chains; a large silver necklace with elaborate enameled inserts; enormous silver Buddhist charm boxes suspended on a waist cord. Brahmin Groom wear turban, kurta, dhoti, coat, waistcoat and a hand towel.
Gota could represent a kind of lace hooked up to the pallu and hem of the saree. Gota work is completely for the bride and may be hooked up to any saree. Brides cover their faces with dupatta and wear headgear. The traditional dress Rajput groom is a long coat and tight fitting churidar also a starched turban.
Maharashtrian wedding dresses are simple but attractive. The bride wear Paithani silk saree that hail from the region of Aurangabad are one of the most expensive sarees in India. Bride wear 9 yards saree.
The Maharashtrian bride most often wears a Paithani. It’s fabled that Paithani sarees have real gold thread work on them. The traditional marathi groom wear the combo of golden kurta and the purple dhoti or White Kurta and Orange Dhoti. By viewing the attire one can easily judge their religion .
The traditional wedding dress of bihari bride is yellow color saree while the bihari groom dress is simply dhoti. Biharis of east india are very popular because of their talking style and their outfits.
Brides from Manipur wear an awfully attention-grabbing traditional dress known as potloi. It is heavy and not that much comfortable however appearance surprisingly stunning.
The skirt of potloi is termed kumin and is historically adorned with mirror and applique work and embroidery. The pattern sometimes consists of seven to 10 lines. Earlier, kumin was fabricated from pure silk however currently it is replaced with fabric.
Ancient colors for the kumin are red and inexperienced. The bride additionally wears a headgear resembling a crown and various necklace.
The precise date and proper time of the marriage are set by the family priest and therefore the wedding preparations typically begin at each home by the inviting five married women to participate on a predetermined auspicious day certain months before the grand wedding. In an iron pestle tied with mango leaves, the ladies pound turmeric or halkund to be used later.
They roll out papads and make sandage (pulses soaked and ground, mixed with spices and dried within the sun). After these rituals the shopping starts and therefore the bride’s side often hold a rukhwat exhibition of decorative and food items made by the bride.
GROOM ACCEPTANCE CEREMONY
In Hindu tradition tilak is one of the foremost vital pre-wedding ceremonies. Tilak is also known as groom acceptance ceremony. Teep and pottu are another names of tilak. In Eastern parts of India tilak is called as Teep whereas in South India called as Chenkai.
It possesses a considerable importance in traditional Hindu customs as regards to its auspiciousness. The Ceremony varies from one independent state to a different and additionally distinct just in case of diverse castes and creeds. Tilak is mostly place by the male members of the groom’s family using Kumkum, the red vermilion that is not employed by the feminine members of the family.
Tilak is typically held at the groom’s residence or often held in temples so that the groom is blessed by the Almighty before commencing his marital life. The bride’s father offers gifts ranging from fruits to garments, merchandise and sweets to the groom and his family throughout the ceremony.
The groom’s father sends sugar, coconut, rice, clothes, jewelry and henna to the bride’s family in exchange. Usually, the groom’s relatives handle these objects to the bride’s house with a lot of gaiety.
The ceremony is equally vital for the bride’s family in addition. Offering Tilak on the forehead of the groom ensures a kind husband for his or her dear girl, who would properly take care of her and also shoulder her responsibilities right along her eternal life.
A unique style of Tilak Ceremony is typically that the private Chunky ceremony that isn’t attended by the bride and her mother. However alternative members of the family traditionally attend the ceremony and participate within the celebration among dance shows, instrumental music and energetic performances by vocalists singing traditional songs.
The ceremony is that the first necessary step towards strengthening the new relationship between the two families. The importance of the ceremony lies within the proven fact that each the families enthusiastically celebrate their new bond with joy and merriment. It is thus one in each of foremost vital pre wedding ceremonies in Asian country.
The thali typically utilized in the Tilak ceremony has various essential components depending on the specific region or culture of the respective families. But, in general, these are the products used: tilak, sandalwood, saffron, kumkum, oil and a diya.
This thali is traditionally employed during the Tilak ceremony to perform Aarti on a head covered groom. The ceremony symbolized the bride’s father’s acceptance of the groom’s hand for his girl. This puja ceremony is conducted for the well-being of the would-be couple likewise as for initiating cordial and continued relations between both families.
The Misri ceremony is traditionally celebrated a few days before the civil marriage and is wherever the soon-to-be newlyweds exchange prayers, flower garlands and gold rings.
The groom’s oldsters additionally bring a basket of precious gifts for the prospective bride, with the key component being the Misri, that is precisely rock sugar, as an earnest wish for sweetness in their married life.
In Indian tradition the haldi paste typically has numerous names like ubtan, tel baan, mandha or pithi.The Haldi ceremony marks the start of the marriage rituals and is one in all the most vital pre wedding rituals after Tilak.
A paste readies with turmeric (haldi), curd, sandalwood, gram flour primarily, is rubbed onto the bride’s and groom’s skin before a ceremonial tub.
The sole purpose of this haldi function in Indian tradition is to beautifying the bride and therefore the groom. In the haldi ceremony, to invite peace and prosperity the bride and groom wear yellow color clothes.
This function takes place individually at soon-to-wed bride’s place and groom’s place. Back in time, haldi paste was typically applied some days in advance regularly to instantly get the desired wedding glow. At present, it is traditionally applied in the morning right before the marriage day. Separate regions enjoy other ways of conducting this tradition.
There is a concept in Indian tradition that haldi paste ought to be applied to the bride and also the groom to stay the evil eye away and keep at bay wicked spirits.
This is why the soon-to-wed bride and groom get this paste applied on their face and alternative parts throughout the ritual. Once the haldi tradition is finished, bride and groom aren’t allowed to travel outside till the marriage day comes.
They are additionally given amulets, betel nuts, iron-made folded knife and alternative things to safeguard themselves from buri nazar.
Ganesh puja typically represents an Indian wedding tradition to worship Lord Ganesh before auspicious occasions. Ganesh Puja is mainly performed in Hindu families and is held a day before the civil marriage to bless the proceedings.
This puja (prayer) is performed chiefly for good luck as Lord Ganesh is believed to be the destroyer of obstacles and evils. The ceremony prepares the engaged couple for a new starting. A traditional Hindu wedding is incomplete without Ganesh Puja.
IMPORTANCE OF GANESH PUJA
Pooja Samagri is nothing however the ingredients that are needed to worship the God. Currently, you will be wondering what the utilization of all of these ingredients is.
Red flowers: Lord Ganesha loves red colored flowers. Fresh flowers signify purity, beauty and freshness. Thus, sometimes hibiscus is offered to the lord.
Betel Nut (supari): just like the betel nut, our ego could be a powerful nut to crack. By providing the betel nut we have a tendency to signify that we are offering our ego to the lord. It is not the fruit however our intention that matters.
Coconut: it is an emblem of breaking the hurdles in our life. It conjointly symbolizes the presence of Shiva and attracts the well desires from heaven.
Vermilion (Sindoor) and sandalwood (chandan): vermilion enhances the sense organ. It is used for defense and purification. Sandalwood is employed for cooling impact.
Red Thread or Mouli: Mouli conjointly referred to as Kalawa could be a frightened red thread. It is offered to the deity as a textile. It is conjointly used to tie the water container.
21 Kusha or Durva Grass: The grass is related to the part of Earth, and it is connected with all worldly pleasures like wealth and prosperity.
Incense and lamp: The flame of the lamp acts as an apparatus of the setting. The flames convert negative energy into the positive. Incense is employed once more than a preparation.
Modak: everybody is aware of modak is typically the favorite sweet of Lord ganesha. Lord ganesha loves consumption twenty-one modaks. In this manner, he is offered the same when he’s idolized.
These accurately represent the various parts offered to Lord Ganapati whenever he is worshiped. Hence, these possess their own significance once it comes to rituals. They are all thought of very sacred and each typically applies to the betterment of the marrying couple.
In India Mehndi ceremony is a fun ritual that is typically organized by the prospective bride’s family at her private house. Attended by all members of her family and traditionally celebrated a couple of days before the civil marriage, the hands and feet of the lovely bride are embellished in elaborate design with a henna application.
All the members of the family sing professionally, dance and heartily rejoice during the event. It is aforesaid that if the resulting color of the henna application is deep and exquisite, then she is going to be blessed with a kind husband. After this ceremony, the bride should not go out of the house until her grand wedding.
The venues are decked out up with lovely flowers and colorful draperies. The prospective bride typically wears a light yellow or light green colored Lehenga or salwar tunic with short sleeves ideally and the groom wears shirt Pajama also in light colors. It is not mandatory for the groom to wear Mehndi, however a little is applied on his hands and feet in simple dots or lesser styles.
The ceremony additionally involves practical application of essential oil on the prospective groom’s hair. The henna for the bride’s ceremony has typically got to arrive from the groom’s side together with some other gifts like fruits, dry fruits and sweets.
Lovely girls of the house properly assemble and therefore the Mehndi is either applied by one of the bride’s relative or today by skilled Mehndi artists.
Unique designs are more elaborate and typically depending on what the bride prefers, the henna is properly applied on the front and back of her palm, forearm, until on visible top of the elbows, and on the feet till below the knee.
Elderly women sing professionally traditional Mehndi songs with dholaks and various musical instruments. Girls relatives of the lovely bride additionally get Mehndi properly applied to their hands, though the designs are not as elaborate as the bridal Mehndi.
The grand Sangeet ceremony is all about instrumental music and grand celebration in Indian culture. The sangeet ceremony is performed at grand scale by the members of the family. In some families it is celebrated simultaneously with Henna ceremony so as to reduce lots of the personal time.
Mostly celebrated in North India, this one’s extremely vital in a Punjabi wedding. Of all the ceremonies, the sangeet ceremony is precisely that the most enjoyable one. For sangeet ceremony a spacious hall (or typically a wide-open space) is superbly embellished with lights, flowers and other traditional things.
The people coming in this function are usually dressed in their traditional attires. The ladies relatives equipped with dholak, spoon and alternative musical instruments to begin the singing. Initial of all, they offer the prayers to Lord Ganesh. It is followed by the songs dedicated to numerous gods and even the wedding songs associated with the gods like shiv, Rama, etc.
SANGEET IN DIFFERENT INDIAN STATES
In all the states and folk of Republic of India, it is related to their folk dance additionally.
In Gujarat the sangeet is performed simultaneously with garba and dandiya dance.
In Punjab bhangra and giddha is done with Sangeet.
Step by step the ceremony reaches to its climax wherever the jokes and songs related to would be bride, would be husband and other in-laws are sung. The ladies perform the traditional dance. The exotic function also witnesses heaps of snacks and drink distribution to the audience followed by delicious dinner.
ARRIVAL OF BARAAT
The Baraat is a large gathering of family, friends, and relatives. The Baraat is that the arrival of the groom on the day of the marriage at the wedding venue. Sometimes the groom arrives at the wedding venue by a decorated horse or if the groom has a lot of fashionable Indian wedding vogue, he might travel in a lot of extravagant way like helicopters, boats, elephants, and luxury cars.
The groom’s members of the family, relatives, and friends accompany him to the marriage venue in the grand procession. Groom’s friends and relatives are known as the barati. They are welcome and received by the bride’s family.
The bride’s oldsters and more elderly members of the family greet the groom. The mother of the bride performs the aarti once the groom enters the house and therefore the other member of the bride’s family welcomes the guests from the groom’s side and introduces one another.
This introduction is considered as the milni ceremony. The barat procession might consist of many folk, each man and women. In earlier times married girls were not allowed to travel however currently all feminine relatives go and even dance within the procession.
The wedding mandap may be typically a temporary structure made for the purpose of the wedding ceremony. It’s going to appear on an elevated platform and is embellished with something from lovely flowers and lush greenery to fabric and glittering crystals.
In the center of the mandap or wedding altar, a fire is kindled. A Hindu wedding could represent a sacrament, not a contract. A fire is kindled In the center of the mandap or wedding altar. The bride’s brother gives three fistfuls of puffed rice to the bride as a wish for his sister’s happy wedding. Each time, the bride offers the rice to the fire. This offering is known as a homam.
SHOES STEALING RITUAL
As per south Asian custom, when the groom enters the mandap for the marriage ceremony, he takes off his shoes. As soon as they are off his feet, the most senior unmarried girls (sisters, cousins, bridesmaids) from the bride’s side of the family run off with the groom’s shoes.
The groom’s side needs to attempt to rescue the shoes back whereas the bride’s side assists the ladies to make off with them. The girls then hide the shoes somewhere they know the groom and his family won’t be able to discover them. Groom should leave the mandap in the same shoes he came in with therefore, after the ceremony, the girls ransom, the shoes off to the groom.
How the shoes get ransomed back to the groom depends on how playful the groom is feeling. Sometimes there are talks or sometimes the groom place two envelopes before the girls.
Offering the cash to the girls, represent in his way of welcoming the ladies into his family, and it signals to them that he can take care of them as they are presently his sisters as well. The sound game of the Joota Chupai is supposed to indicate that either side of the family are unlocking their hearts to every alternative and are prepared for a lifespan of laughter and fun together.
EXCHANGE FLORAL GARLAND
This is typically the key part of the ceremony through which the prospective bride and groom exchange floral garlands called varmala to symbolize their love. The garlands are manufactured from bright hued flowers Throughout the ceremony flowers are thrown at the couple. These flowers are typically solely thrown by the parents or members of the immediate family. This expresses the earnest desire of the engaged couple to marry one another.
The word “kanyadaan” Consist of two words that is “Kanya” which means a girl or daughter and “daan” means donate in Indian tradition.The memorable moment the dear father typically gives the bride away is known precisely as the kanyadaan.
Within the Hindu tradition, no man will claim a lady till she is typically offered. During the private ceremony, the father of the bride places his daughter’s hands into the groom’s hands as a grand gesture of giving her away. The father of the bride may also pour water into the bride’s able hand to flow through her fingers and into the hand of her groom.
The groom typically stands facing to the west and also the prospective bride is facing east. He holds her hand and performs Vedic hymns for happiness and an everlasting relationship.
During the vivaaha the bride and groom stand confronting one another, whereas the priest accompanies the bride’s sari and fastens it to the groom’s shirt to symbolize the union. Garlands and rings are exchange between the bride and groom.
The ceremony hearth is installed and worshiped. This fire symbolizes the celestial witness to the religious ritual. The bride and groom hold hands and pray for blessings. A mixture of sandalwood,ghee, herbs, rice, sugar, and twigs, is offered to the fire to seek blessings.
The saptapadi typically attend a vital ritual in North Indian Hindu weddings. During the saptapadi, the prospective bride and groom have their clothes tied together.
In South India, the couple walks seven steps together to signify their relationship. In North Indian tradition, they create seven circles around a ceremonial fire, every round signifying a specific blessing they request of the gods. The most significance of saptapadi is establishing the relationship, that is that the basis of a Hindu wedding.